Bioinorganic chemistry is a field that examines the role of metals in biology. Bioinorganic chemistry includes the study of both natural phenomena such as the behavior of metalloproteins as well as artificially introduced metals, including those that are non-essential, in medicine and toxicology.
Many biological processes such as photosynthesis, respiration, metal ion transport, enzymatic actions etc., fall into the realm of bioinorganic chemistry. It is highly advanced interdisciplinary science.
The two major components of bioinorganic chemistry are: i) the study of naturally occurring inorganic elements in bio-systems and ii) introduction of these elements as probes or drugs into biological systems and studying inorganic models that mimic the behavior of various metallo-proteins. It also investigates the nutritional aspects, toxicity, therapeutic action, transport & storage of metals and non metals in plants and animals including micro organisms.